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English Language Arts2018-08-31T14:32:29+00:00

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Primavera Language Arts courses nurture an appreciation for literature while developing a proficiency in reading comprehension, writing, grammar usage, spelling and vocabulary.

COURSE CATALOG

Click on a course below for description, suggested grade level and prerequisite requirements:

Students will read and analyze both literary and informational texts. These texts take many different forms, including autobiographies, personal memoirs, newspaper and magazine articles, poetry, and even filmed stage productions. The course’s reading selections demonstrate ways to understand explicit and inferred meaning through textual evidence, central ideas and details that support them, and figurative language, and the effects word choice has on tone and mood, among other ideas and concepts.

Students will also practice ways to recognize textual evidence, identify themes and central ideas, make inferences, analyze word choice, and identify figurative and connotative language in a variety of texts. In addition, you will learn about basics in grammar, usage, and punctuation, including context clues and word functions, domain-specific language and dialect, parts of speech and figures of speech, and reference materials. You will also learn various vocabulary words and more about Greek and Latin prefixes, suffixes, and roots. In addition, you will learn the elements of writing so that you can plan, write, revise, and edit your own personal memoir and literary analysis. Through the lessons provided in this course, you will master techniques that will help you achieve a deeper appreciation of literary and informational texts.

Suggested grade level: 9
Prerequisites: None

Introduction to Literature emphasizes reading comprehension strategies, increasing and expanding vocabulary and its comprehension in context, making connections to literature, and analyzing the author’s craft. Students learn techniques for evaluating authors’ use of language, determining meanings, making inferences, grasping central ideas, and drawing conclusions. The course provides guided instruction in paraphrasing, analyzing evidence, recognizing symbolism, and identifying figurative language. Studies of poetry focus on recognizing poetic forms, rhyme schemes, and cadences. Students independently read Ayn Rand’s Anthem. Class activity includes reading extensive excerpts from The Odyssey, as well as Romeo and Juliet in its entirety. These literature studies provide experience in understanding archetypes, identifying conflict, analyzing the influence of setting, and probing aspects of characters. Students submit journal entries to demonstrate regular writing practice. Writing activities provide students with practice in organizing and developing a literary analysis, as well as writing narrative and expository compositions.

Suggested grade level: 9
Prerequisites: None

Intermediate Rhetoric and Composition is a course for 10th grade students who are at or near grade level in language arts skills. Emphasis is placed on grammar and usage, spelling, writing skills, punctuation, and literary nonfiction. Writing activities give students practice in researching, organizing, and developing descriptive, persuasive, narrative, and expository compositions. Intermediate Rhetoric and Composition continues to investigate the writing and discourse processes while supplementing them with the reading strategies necessary to comprehend and compose nonfiction texts. The course also examines persuasive arguments through rhetorical techniques that enable both self-expression and persuasion of others. The course asks the student to put forth effort to understand the different ways of acquiring and delivering information. Increasing knowledge of rhetoric and composition helps students become more effective at communication. By honing skills in the areas of reading and writing, students can maximize their contributions in both the academic and professional worlds.

Suggested grade level: 10
Prerequisites: Preferably 9th Grade English

World Literature broadens students’ reading experience with exposure to literature from multiple eras and cultures. The course includes diverse reading selections such as epic poetry, folktales, ancient verses, Greek tragedy, short stories, and excerpts from novels. Students are instructed in techniques for evaluating authors’ use of language, determining meanings, making inferences, grasping central ideas, interpreting characters, and drawing conclusions to enable them to evaluate literary elements in these works. The course includes a concentrated study of classic Greek drama as students read Antigone by Sophocles. The course provides guided instruction in analyzing evidence, comprehending context clues, recognizing symbolism, and identifying figurative language. The course also covers language skills, such as using affixes to affect word meaning and understanding denotative and connotative meanings to enhance word choice. Writing activities challenge students’ reading comprehension and composition skills with short projects involving research and writing, as well as producing character analysis and personal narrative essays.

Suggested grade level: 10
Prerequisites: Preferably 9th Grade English

A Survey of Informational Text presents students with nonfiction works in a number of genres. Students examine seminal American documents ranging from Thomas Paine’s Common Sense through Barack Obama’s second inaugural address. Students learn ways to evaluate use of language, determine meanings, make inferences, grasp central ideas, evaluate bias, and draw conclusions by examining these works. The course also builds on students’ abilities to speak and write formally, with an emphasis on persuading audiences. Students analyze persuasive arguments on subjects ranging from environmental conservation to legal decisions involving the First Amendment as they learn to identify elements of argument and to use rhetorical devices. Using other nonfiction works, the course guides students in recognizing the importance of analyzing evidence, recognizing symbolism, examining word choice, and identifying figurative language in nonfiction literature. The course also covers grammar and usage, punctuation, and correct spelling and meanings of vocabulary terms, and exposes students to several types of consumer documents.

Suggested grade level: 11

Prerequisites: Preferably 9th and 10th grade English

A survey course in American Literature. It involves the study of styles, techniques, philosophies, biographies, and ideas of major American writers as well as the historical events that influenced their works. The course emphasizes critical and analytical thinking, reading, and writing skills. In addition to the coursework of reading and interpreting literature from the textbook, students will read novels, short stories, and poems. American Literature examines the literary writings, discourse, and events that took place from the inception of the United States to the present day. This course involves students and pushes them to examine their own idea of culture and nationalism.

Suggested grade level: 11

Perquisites: Preferably 9th and 10th grade English

Advanced Composition and Rhetoric is the first semester of the 12th grade English Language Arts course. This course covers the art and craft of rhetoric—persuasion and argument—using informational and nonliterary texts, with a special emphasis on the understanding of reasoning and logic. These texts include documents and speeches that have been integral to the development of legal and social policy in the United States. The course builds in depth and complexity from beginning to end, starting with instruction on central ideas and word choice. In this course, students will learn the everyday tools of persuasion, including ethos, pathos, and logos. These serve as the foundation for understanding more complex topics, such as the elements of argument and the chain of legal reasoning used in court cases and historical documents.

Suggested grade level: 12

Prerequisites: Preferably 9–11th grade English

Exploration of British Literature covers in-depth literary analysis—comprehension and evaluation—using a wide variety of narrative texts from British literature. Texts cover eras from the Middle Ages through modern times. Students will acquire the necessary skills for gaining a deeper understanding of literature and literary analysis. The course builds in depth and complexity, starting with instruction on explicit and implicit meanings, use of figurative language and literary devices, and development of central ideas and themes. Students integrate ideas from multiple texts to compare and contrast the treatment of narrative and structural elements. These skills serve as the foundation for understanding the ways in which literature and language evolve, and appreciating authors and styles from many eras of British literature. The course includes two writing projects: a fictional narrative in the style of Gothic Romanticism and a literary analysis comparing or contrasting two texts from different eras of British literature. In these projects, students write in both short and extended forms. Emphasis is placed on the writing process, from note-taking and outline-making to revising and editing for content and style. Students take a final writing assessment as well as a Final Exam. In addition, students build their vocabulary and language skills with guided instruction and exercises, and engage with their classmates in discussions as part of each lesson.

Suggested grade level: 12

Prerequisites: Preferably 9–11th grade English

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